Natural hazards and disasters
Uganda’s geographical position, close to several large lakes, in combination with ample rainfall throughout the year provides it with great natural wealth and fertile soil. However, some areas frequently experience both flooding and drought.
PfR sites include many seasonal wetlands, where there is a significant risk of flash flooding. A scarcity of rainfall in some areas also aggravates drought.
In 2010, heavy rainfall caused landslides that killed dozens of people and destroyed more than 80 homes in the mountainous region of Bududa.
Effects on people
Communities in project areas rely predominantly on subsistence farming and agro-pastoralism; alternative livelihoods are few and far between.
Because these communities depend heavily on natural resources, hazards such as droughts, floods and landslides have an enormous impact, claiming lives, eroding assets, and thwarting traditional livelihoods such as pastoralism. The collection of fuel wood exacerbate the existing pressure on ecosystems.
Changes in climate patterns also disrupt farming practices and reduce yields.
What PfR does
The PfR alliance is demonstrating energy-saving techniques as well as rainwater and groundwater harvesting, and will promote the use of drought-resistant trees and fast-maturing crops. Early warning systems will be installed.
To ease the pressure on the environment, partners are demonstrating the use of energy-saving stoves, introducing alternatives to charcoal as fuel and promoting local dialogue on policies to find them.
Partners are also supporting the development of community-based organizations: the better organized they are, the better communities can deal with local government to address their needs.
Collaboration for agriculture
In Uganda, the PfR partners are teaming up with research institutes in order to bring together knowledge and expertise to increase people’s resilience against disasters, climate change and ecosystems degradation.
Through collaboration with the Animal and Agricultural Research Institute (SAARI), local farmers have access to crops that tolerate drought and pests, and techniques to improve agricultural yields.
In addition, farmers are being helped to diversify their livelihoods to decrease their vulnerability to shocks and crises.
Collaboration with the veterinary department of Makerere University has resulted in the creation of a “young veterinary entrepreneurial platform” to assist farmers to identify, control and treat disease in cattle.
Napak, Nakapiripirit, Amuria, Katakiwi, Apach and Otuka districts
Uganda Red Cross Society, Cordaid with TPO Uganda, Socadido (Caritas Soroti), Caritas Moroto, ECO Uganda and Caritas Uganda, Care