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Natural hazards and disasters

The Philippine archipelago lies in a region prone to hazards. PfR partners are working in mountainous areas regularly exposed to typhoons, heavy rainfall, drought and landslides, as well as in urban areas in the National Capital Region (NCR), susceptible to a variety of hazards including typhoons, floods and wild fires. 

Typhoon Washi caused floods and landslides 
in December 2011, leading to more 
than 1, 250 deaths. 

Climate change and environmental degradation - due to population growth, mining and logging - exacerbate the risk of disaster

irrigation canal     

Effects on people

In the rural project areas like the Cordilleras and the CARAGA Region, communities rely on farming and fishing – both highly susceptible to natural hazards such as droughts and floods, but people have little alternative.

Social cohesion in informal settlements is weak due to the rapidly changing composition of communities. This restricts the creation of safety nets, increasing vulnerability.

Poor hygiene practices and overcrowding facilitate the spread of communicable diseases.

What PfR does

The PfR alliance is working in the northern regions of the Cordilleras and Mountain Province, urban Metro Manila, and rural northern Mindanao. Diverse as they are, these areas are all extremely disaster-prone.

PfR strategies include strengthening emergency response, climate change adaptation, improving ecosystems and water management, small mitigation projects, and documenting traditional knowledge on disaster risk reduction. A book with case studies from the Philippines and Indonesia has been published recently.

The partners are closely working with local government, which is already duplicating PfR approaches in several neighbouring areas.

Philippines game.jpg

Advocating integration

In the Philippines, PfR partners have been highly successful in advocating an integrated DRR approach among local government agencies at project sites.

Municipalities have become convinced of the value of the approach for local communities and say they endorse the PfR programme.

The mayor of Surigao del Norte provided donations to PfR work, including clothing and food. The mayor of Valenzuela City supports PfR fund-raising programmes and activities with various activities and donations. The governor of Agusan del Sur organized a workshop at the provincial level to address links between disasters, climate change and ecosystems.

In all project areas, local government authorities have included the PfR programme in their policies and budgets to reduce the impact of climate change on their environment and communities.


Total beneficiaries

Project locations: 
Cordilleras, CARAGA Region, National Capital Region

Implementing partners: 
Philippine Red Cross, ACCORD, ADF, CNDR, IIRR