Natural hazards and disasters
Indonesia is well known as one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries.
Local project sites in Nusa Tenggara Timur province (NTT) suffer floods, droughts, coastal erosion, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, and typhoons. Banten province suffers coastal erosion, floods and landslides
The already-high number and intensity of climate-related hazards in Indonesia is likely to be further aggravated by climate change
Effects on people
Most people depend on agriculture, including fishery and forestry. Banten communities depend heavily on fragile coastal areas and NTT’s predominantly on fishing and subsistence agriculture.
Dependency on natural resources forces poor communities to live in flood-prone areas and tidal zones. Reliance on the degrading environment also adds to their vulnerability, affecting communities coping capacities
What PfR does
PfR is working in 30 villages in NTT while Banten Bay is an educational site – sharing information on the integration of climatic change, ecosystems management and livelihoods strenghtening.
Local partners are working on the development of sustainable livelihoods, grants to community-based organizations to restore ecosystems, village disaster-management plans, small-scale risk reduction projects, and community action-teams to do first aid in schools. A book with case studies from the Philippines and Indonesia has been published recently.
Research is being done for a working paper on a district-level forum on climate change, and working groups are being held on the management of coastal and inland water resources.
Mangroves play a pivotal role in Sikka, which is afflicted by coastal surges, flash floods and storms on a regular base. PfR is bringing together different sectors of coastal management to jointly define a strategy for combating these devastating forces.
Past experience showed that mangroves constitute a natural protection against floods and coastal surges. One initiative is to protect coastal communities by the preservation of existing mangroves, and the nursing and planting of new mangrove trees.
In addition to the mitigating role these mangroves play, they also alleviate the impact of climate change through taking up carbon dioxide and protecting the coastline from erosion. They are essential as spawning ground and territory for fish.
This is a perfect example of how ecosystems, climate change and disaster management are integrated, with valuable consequences for communities. Through the protection and planting of mangroves, people’s livelihoods are secured, protected and diversified; they provide a variety of resources like fish, firewood and building materials.
Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) provincial districts of Ende, Sikka, Kupang, Lembata and Timor Tengah Selatan; Banten provincial districts of Kota Serang, Kota Cilegon, Kabupaten Serang and Kabupaten Tangerang
Netherlands Red Cross with Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), CARE International Indonesia, PIKUL, Insist, LPTP, Karina, Bina Swadaya, Wetland International Indonesia Programme